Properties of a system
Properties are the observable characteristics of a thermodynamic system.
Every system has certain characteristics by which it’s physical condition may be described. Such characteristics are called properties of the system. All properties are state or point function.
eg÷ pressure, temperature, volume etc.
Properties may be divided into two types,
(a) intensive properties and
(b) extensive properties
(a) Intensive properties
Intensive properties are independent of the mass in the system.
eg÷ pressure, temperature, density, specific heats etc.
(b) Extensive properties
extensive properties are depend on the mass in the system.
eg÷ enthalpy, entropy, mass, volume etc.
State of the system
When all the properties of a system have definite values, the system is said to exist at a definite state. Properties are the coordinates to describe the state of a system. Any operation in which one or more of the properties of a system changes is called change of state. The state passes through during the change of state is called path of change of state.When the path is completely specified and defined is called a process.
eg÷ isobaric process, isochoric process, isothermal process, isentropic process etc.